What Is the Mediterranean Diet?

By Letizia L

The Mediterranean diet focuses mainly on the correct choice of foods, while the caloric aspect plays a secondary role. The moderation of portion size represents an essential element for the correct application of this diet.

As an indication, an adult man would need around 2,500 calories every day, of which 55-65% should come from carbohydrates, 20-30% from lipids, and only 10-15% from proteins.

The most important principles of the Mediterranean diet are contained in the following guidelines:

What are the benefits of the following the Mediterranean diet?

Some principles of the Mediterranean diet represented and still represent the best defense against diseases such as atherosclerosis, hypertension, myocardial infarction and stroke.

This diet, based on bread (preferably wholemeal), vegetables, fish, olive oil and fruit, provides proteins, lipids and sugars with high nutritional value, low in cholesterol, saturated lipids and simple sugars; it is also rich in vitamins, minerals and fibers.