Type 2 Diabetes Causes and Treatments
Type 2 diabetes occurs when sugar or glucose levels build up in the bloodstream. This creates a situation whereby cells of your body fail to respond to insulin the way they should. Furthermore, you may not produce adequate insulin in the advanced stages of the condition. The hormone insulin plays a critical part in pushing glucose to your cells from your bloodstream.
Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
During the early stages, mild symptoms develop. These include an increased appetite for food, frequent thirst, tiredness, and blurry vision, to mention only a few. These symptoms may lead to kidney failure, disease of the gum, and probably heart attack or stroke.
Type 2 Diabetes Causes
A hormone called insulin is produced naturally by your pancreas. This hormone is released every time you eat. It is a distributor of glucose from the bloodstream to various body cells. The glucose is then used for energy. However, type 2 diabetes creates a situation whereby the body resists insulin.
Therefore, this damages cells in the pancreas leading to the non-production of insulin and glucose collecting in the bloodstream, leaving cells of the body deprived of energy. Doctors think this situation is caused by cell dysfunction in the pancreas, which causes irregular cell signaling and regulation.
Unhealthy eating habits usually trigger type 2 diabetes. However, the risk increases if there is a history of type 2 diabetes in your family. This leads to insulin resistance.
Treatment For Type 2 Diabetes
Managing type 2 diabetes can assist in reversing the disease. You must regularly check your blood glucose levels at your doctor’s instructions. Also, lifestyle changes help you to treat type 2 diabetes. These include following a diet that contains fiber, healthy carbohydrates, fruits, vegetables, and whole grains—these help to steady your glucose levels. In addition, exercise daily for 30minutes to maintain a healthy heart and control glucose in the blood.
Furthermore, prescription medications help treat type 2 diabetes. Metformin, Sulfonylureas, Meglitinides, Thiazolidinediones, Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4), and Sodium-glucose Cotransporter-2(SGLT2).